General Functions of Renal System



The urinary system is made up of:


Two kidneys which remove the waste and excess substances from the blood


Two ureters which transport urine from the kidneys to


The urinary bladder which acts as a reservoir of urine.


A urethra which is the duct through which urine flows from the bladder to the outside.


Each kidney contains around a million nephrons, the functional units of the urinary system. The kidneys clear around 1700L of blood every day.

Major functions of the kidneys include: